Setting up a Pool

Expectations

It can be done all on a single machine, you just need to pay attention to ports etc.

Block mining & running a pool

Starting your own pool requires setting up a number of services:

General Information

Repository Information:

The following repositories hold the required programs to run a pool:

Repository Tools
packetcrypt_rs: https://github.com/cjdelisle/packetcrypt_rs AnnHandler, Blkminer, AnnMiner
PacketCrypt: https://github.com/cjdelisle/PacketCrypt/ Master, Paymaker, BlkHandler
pktd: https://github.com/pkt-cash/pktd pktd

Assumed Local Port Ranges:

Service Machine Port/Port Ranges
Master Machine 1 8080
Paymaker Machine 1 8081
BlkHandlers Machine 1 8100-8200
AnnHandlers Machine 3 8201-8300

Installation

Machine 1

PKTD node:

40GB of storage is required at a minimum to run the pktd node

  1. Install Golang
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:longsleep/golang-backports
sudo apt update
sudo apt install golang-go
  1. Install git
sudo apt install git
  1. Install the pktd node
git clone --branch develop https://github.com/pkt-cash/pktd 
cd pktd 
./do

The output should show the following:

Everything looks good - use ./bin/pktd to launch

Master | Paymaker | BlkHandler:

  1. Install the required tools:
cd ~
sudo add-apt-repository universe
sudo apt install git
sudo apt install npm
sudo npm cache clean -f
sudo npm install -g n
sudo n stable

Restart your shell ### Add here how to get latest stable version of node

  1. Clone the source code:
git clone --branch develop https://github.com/cjdelisle/PacketCrypt
  1. Build the PacketCrypt code
cd PacketCrypt
npm install

Machine 2 & 3

BlkMiner | AnnHandler | AnnMiner:

  1. Install the Required tools:
sudo apt install gcc git
sudo apt install curl
curl --proto '=https' --tlsv1.2 -sSf https://sh.rustup.rs | sh
  1. Clone packetcrypt_rs
git clone --branch develop https://github.com/cjdelisle/packetcrypt_rs
  1. Compile PacketCrypt
cd packetcrypt_rs 
~/.cargo/bin/cargo build --release --features jemalloc

Config of pool.js

Information:


config.privateSeed

Yeah, just mention that signing of announcements is rarely used, it breaks people mining into multiple pools, and you should set it to null unless "you know what you're doing"

This seed is used for deriving keys which will be used for signing announcements.

Setting this value to an alphanumeric value e.g

oHk8TXpbtRRZGtaYYMnIFAzYMrVh6vA8XzKWWXcKbzCThuFLIJ234bHN5peddQFzR2TtQyo58gcFRP7bKg9BeXZirSqp9gVpjBWp

In general, this value should be set to the null, as signing announcements is rarely used, and breaks Announcement mining with multiple pools if you have your pool externally accessable, and should only be set if you have a strong understanding and knowledge of what you are doing.

config.privateSeed = null

If you aren't bothered by, or don't require your announcements to be signed .


config.paymakerHttpPasswd

Anyone who has this password can make http posts to the paymaker (claim that shares were won) You should make this random and also firewall the paymaker from the public. The upload will be done using Authorization Basic with a username of "x" and this as the password

config.paymakerHttpPasswd = 'anyone with this password can post results to the paymaker';

You can put the paymaker behind an http proxy if you wish.


config.masterUrl

This is used by the paymaker and block handler when running them with pool.js, it is used to resolve where the master is.

You can either set this as a locally host or put your master behind a nginx proxy

config.masterUrl = 'http://localhost:8080';

or if you have your instance public, and you want to have it be resolvable publically, replace the url with your own.

config.masterUrl = 'http://pool.pktpool.io';

config.rpc

The username and password set here, should be the same username and password used at the end of this guide for when you configure the pktd service.

user:  'x',
pass:  'x',

config.annHandlers

Information:

The address that is advertized for accessing this ann handler (external address)

If running locally use:

url:  'http://localhost:8081',

If allowing external annminers use a resolved address suchas:

url: 'http://ann1.pktpool.io'

Replace the url with your own.


config.blkHandlers

Information:

What address should be advertized for accessing this BlkHander, again make sure there are no overlapping ports.

If you are wanting to support external blockminers, this address should be externally resolvable

url:  'http://localhost:8100',

This is the port that the blkHandler will bind to.

port:  8082,

This is the host that the blkHandler will bind to.

host:  '::',

This is how many requests a blkHandler can queue before the handler starts rejecting requests

maxConnections:  50,
root:  config

config.master

Which port to run the master on

port:  8080,

What address to bind to, set to localhost if proxying

host:  '::',

Minimum work for an announcement. This number is effectively a bandwidth divisor, every time you double this number you will reduce your bandwidth by a factor of two.

annMinWork:  Util.annWorkToTarget(128),

Average number of shares per block, reducing this number will reduce load on your block handlers, but increasing it will allow payment to be spread more evenly between block miners.

This wants to be set to a higher number than one, for the purpose of constantly testing that the block miners are making valid shares. You may have a block miner sitting for hours without a share and then when it wins one, it can become invalid because of misconfiguration

shareWorkDivisor:  4,

Which versions of announcements we will accept

annVersions: [1],

Request that ann miners mine announcements that are this many blocks old.

Announcements contain a commitment of the most recent block hash but they need 3 blocks to "mature" before they can be used

The point of this is so that PacketCrypt is about bandwidth, not latency.

But there is a risk: If there is a surge then you are going to be starved for announcements

When you are starved, you will have few usable anns which causes a slow-down in mining and the announcements which are being submitted are not usable.

When you win a few blocks, those announcements become usable and you surge, which causes you to go back into starvation again.

This should be set to either:

If running your own AnnMiners, it is advisable to set this to 0, and add the --mineold 3 to some of your AnnMiner startups on the CLI.

This helps to keep a balance between keeping your pool as powerful as possible, along with having AnnMiners to help out in the case of a starvation

mineOldAnns:  0,

config.payMaker

How the miners should access the paymaker (external address), replace the url with your own.

url:  'pool.pktpool.io',

Which port to run the paymaker on

port:  8081,

What address to bind to, set to localhost if proxying

host:  '::',

Seconds between sending updates to pktd. If this set to zero, the payMaker will accept log uploads but will not send any changes of payout data to pktd.

updateCycle:  120,

updateCycle: 0 to disable

How many seconds backward to keep history in memory

historyDepth:  60 * 60 * 24 * 30,

Maximum number of simultanious connections to accept before sending 500 errors

maxConnections:  200,

annCompressor

Store data in 1 minute aggregations

timespanMs:  1000 * 60,

Allow data to be submitted to any of the last 10 aggregations

slotsToKeepEvents:  10,

What fraction of the payout to pay to block miners (the rest will be paid to ann miners) (Pay per last N shares)

blockPayoutFraction:  0.5,

What percent of the total winnings should be taken for pool management

poolFee:  0.40,

The address which should be paid the pool fee

poolFeeAddress:  "pkt1qyc9dkhca7uc84zn3vlgd0h0fxr3twwn34qgeqe",

This constant will affect how far back into history we pay our announcement miners (Pay per last N shares)

pplnsAnnConstantX:  0.125,

This constant will affect how far back into history we pay our block miners (Pay per last N shares)

pplnsBlkConstantX:  2,

When there are not enough shares to fairly spread out the winnings, pay what is left over to this address.

defaultAddress:  "pkt1q6hqsqhqdgqfd8t3xwgceulu7k9d9w5t2amath0qxyfjlvl3s3u4sjza2g2",

When something goes wrong, direct pktd to send all coins here, if this is different from the defaultAddress then it is possible to account for and pay out to the miners later when the problem is fixed.

errorAddress:  "pkt1q6hqsqhqdgqfd8t3xwgceulu7k9d9w5t2amath0qxyfjlvl3s3u4sjza2g2",

Config of pool.toml

Information: - pool.example.toml is located at: ~/packetcrypt_rs/pool.example.toml - You need to edit this file, then run: ~/packetcrypt_rs/pool.example.toml ~/packetcrypt_rs/pool.toml


Password used by your paymaker to post logs for payment, the same as config.paymakerHttpPasswd

paymaker_http_password = "you'll want this to be a secret"

URL of the pool master, used for getting configuration and work, the same as: Replace the url with your own.

master_url = "http://pool.pktpool.io"

ann_handler.ah*

You can have multiple ann_handlers (Ideally one on each BlkMiner machine), you can do this by defining each one such as:

[ann_handler.ah0]
    "parameters"
[ann_handler.ah1]
    "parameters"

These can all be in a single file to be used by each annhandler, when starting the annhandlers, you would start them with on each respective machine:

packetcrypt ah --config /path/to/config.toml ah0
packetcrypt ah --config /path/to/config.toml ah1

Number of threads to dedicate to the AnnHandler

num_workers = 8

Length of the input queue, keeping this low will create back-pressure and prevent miners from posting too many announcements when the server is in fact overloaded

input_queue_len = 256

The public url of the annhandler, this should match what is set in your pool.js Replace the url with your own.

public_url = "http://ann1.pktpool.io/submit"

Bind to this port

bind_port = 80

NOTE: To bind low ports with non-root user run:

sudo setcap CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE=+eip $(which packetcrypt)

Keep this many of the newest ann files files_to_keep = 500

Running Manually

Machine 1

Information:

PKTD

--rpcuser and --rpcpass should match the values set in pool.js under config.rpc


./pktd/bin/pktd --rpcuser=XXX --rpcpass=XXX --miningaddr <your PKT wallet address>

Master

node ./pool.js --master

Paymaker

node ./pool.js --payMaker

BlkHandler(s)

Launch the BlkHandler nodes, specify --blk0 for the first BlkHandler, --blk1 for the second, and so forth

cd PacketCrypt
node ./pool.js --blk0
node ./pool.js --blk1

Machine 2

BlkMiner

--threads is the number of threads you want to dedicate to the Blkminer --paymentaddr is the wallet you want your coins to be mined into, it is advisable to not use the electrum wallet for this. <Master address of pool> is the masterUrl of your pool

cd packetcrypt_rs
./target/release/packetcrypt blk <Master Address of Pool> --paymentaddr <your PKT wallet address> --threads 5 --memorysizemb 2300

AnnHandler

cd packetcrypt_rs
./target/release/packetcrypt ah --config /path/to/pool.toml ah0

Machine 3

AnnMiner

./target/release/packetcrypt ann http://pool.pktpool.io --paymentaddr <your PKT wallet address>

NGINX Setup (For allowing external AnnMining)

Machine 1

Update system and install Nginx

sudo apt update
sudo apt install nginx

Unlink default nginx site

unlink /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default
cd /etc/nginx/sites-available

Create and edit the reverse-proxy.conf file

vim reverse-proxy.conf

The config for the services:

server { 
    listen 80; 
    listen [::]:80; 
    server_name <masterURL>; 
    location / { 
        proxy_pass http://localhost:8080/; 
        } 
}

server { 
    listen 80; 
    listen [::]:80; 
    server_name paymaker.pktpool.io; 
    location / { 
        proxy_pass http://localhost:8081/; 
        } 
}

Link new file to sites-enabled

ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/reverse-proxy.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/reverse-proxy.conf

Remove default config

rm default

Check reverse proxy config is correct

nginx -t

Reload nginx to pick up config changes.

sudo systemctl reload nginx

Machine 2

unlink /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default
cd /etc/nginx/sites-available
server { 
    listen 80; 
    listen [::]:80; 
    server_name ann1.pktpool.io; 
    location / { 
        proxy_pass http://localhost:8081/; 
    } 
}

Link new file to sites-enabled

ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/reverse-proxy.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/reverse-proxy.conf

Remove default config

rm default

Check reverse proxy config is correct

nginx -t

Reload nginx to pick up config changes.

sudo systemctl reload nginx